On the subject of safeguarding animal welfare along the livestock marketing value chain, Prof Gregory Neville of the Royal Veterinary College, University of London put forward the following points that need to be considered with respect to livestock trade between the Horn of Africa and the Middle East:
- Journey distance
- Seasonality of trade (for example, where there are peaks in supply)
- Injuries to animals during transport (especially on the feet and legs)
- Appropriateness of animal handling methods
- Is halal slaughter being carried out properly
In general, regarding the ethics of animal welfare, the three key questions to consider are:
- Is it fair?
- Is it necessary?
- Are there alternatives?