Dr Gideon Brückner of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) has published a paper in the April 2011 issue of Scientific and Technical Review which features the spread of pathogens through international trade.
Below is the abstract of the paper titled, Ensuring safe international trade: how are the roles and responsibilities evolving and what will the situation be in ten years’ time?
The roles of the international standard-setting bodies that are mandated to facilitate safe trade, such as the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), the Codex Alimentarius Commission, the International Plant Protection Convention and the World Trade Organization, are well documented, as are the roles of the international organisations responsible for global health issues: the OIE, the World Health Organization and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. However, developments in international trade, such as accelerating globalisation and the frequent emergence and re-emergence of diseases affecting both humans and animals, have brought new challenges and the need to reconsider the future roles of such organisations. New participants and new demands have also emerged to challenge these mandates, leading to potential areas of conflict. The need for countries to establish themselves as new trade partners, or to strengthen their positions while still maintaining safe trade, poses a challenge to standard-setting organisations, which must meet these demands while still remaining sensitive to the needs of developing countries. In this paper, the author describes and discusses some of these challenges and suggests how international organisations could evolve to confront such issues.
Download the PDF paper from the OIE website
We are pleased to present the provisional agenda for the workshop, Enhancing safe inter-regional livestock trade: Risk-based approaches to livestock certification and harmonized control of trade-related transboundary animal diseases.
Scheduled for 13-16 June 2011 in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, the workshop will bring together chief veterinary officers from livestock exporting countries in the Greater Horn of Africa and importing countries in the Middle East; veterinary quarantine operators; livestock traders; representatives from chambers of commerce; and business and investment council members, among other key sector stakeholders.
The workshop is convened by the African Union – Interafrican Bureau for Animal Resources (AU-IBAR) which is the lead implementing agency, the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).
Download the provisional agenda here.
[Edit update 10 June 2011: Please visit the agenda page to download the most recent version of the workshop agenda in English and Arabic]
Below is the concept note for the workshop as developed on 25 July 2010
A. Proposed dates: 13-17 March 2011
B. Overarching goal: Stabilization of livestock trade between Horn of Africa exporting nations and Middle East importing nations.
C. Workshop objectives: At the end of the workshop, the following will be in process as developed by the participants
- Substantive progress toward formulation of an agreement on Rift Valley fever (RVF) response strategies, including familiarity with and ability to use the RVF Decision Support Tool
- Enhanced communication between importing and exporting Chief Veterinary Officers on trade and transboundary animal disease (TAD) control
- Consideration of regional framework for trade related TAD control strategies
D. Orientation: The workshop will be oriented toward trade, with directly concerned parties foremost. It will be based in action – what can be done about RVF.
E. Proposed implementing partners:
- African Union Interafrican Bureau for Animal Resources (AU-IBAR)
- Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)/Alliance for Commodity Trade in Eastern and Southern Africa (ACTESA)
- International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)
- United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)
- World Organization for Animal Health (OIE)
- Chief Veterinary Officers of exporting/importing nations (Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia and Sudan) and importing nations (Bahrain, Egypt, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen)
- Private enterprise: key livestock traders, pastoralist producers, quarantine station operators, Chambers of Commerce
- Related organizations: Arab League, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases (FAO/ECTAD), Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), Inter-governmental Authority on Development (IGAD), World Health Organization (WHO) and World Trade Organization (WTO).